Muslims like to demand that there has to be a verse that says the exact words, where Jesus says in His earthly ministry, “I am God; worship Me.” Well, Jesus did make those claims and teach just that; just not in the exact words that Muslims demand.
Who are you O man, who demands things come to him in ways you want them from God? (see Romans 9:20-23)
The Jewish leadership and Caiaphas the high priest at Jesus’ trial (Mark 14:60-64) asked Him, “tell us, are You the Messiah, the Son of the Blessed One?” (“Son of the Blessed One” = a Jewish way of avoiding saying the holy name of God out of fear of violating the 3rd commandment) The Jewish leadership knew their OT and doctrine – they knew that the Messiah would be the Son of God – their question to Jesus proves this; it proves how they understood who the Messiah would be.
Jesus answered, “I am”
and He quoted from Psalm 110:1 and Daniel 7:13-14 to back up His claim to being the Messiah, the one who would sit at the right hand of the Father and judge and rule and go up to the Ancient of Days and be giving a kingdom of people from all nations. They will serve and worship Him – the LXX translation of Daniel 7:13-14 uses the word, latreuo, λατρεuω – for worship – a word used exclusively for worship of God alone.
It is all there in the earliest gospel – the gospel of Mark – written around 48-55 AD.
Jesus said “I am God” by admitting He was the Messiah, the Son of the Blessed One. Being the Son of God means having the same eternal nature as God the Father. The Jews understood that as blasphemy, as they did with Jesus claims in John 5:17-18; 8:56-58; 10:33-39; 19:1-7
“for He was calling God His Father, making Himself equal with God”
60 The high priest stood up and came forward and questioned Jesus, saying, “Do You not answer? What is it that these men are testifying against You?”
61 But He kept silent and did not answer. Again the high priest was questioning Him, and [ab]saying to Him, “Are You the Christ, the Son of the Blessed One?”
62 And Jesus said, “I am;
and you shall see the Son of Man sitting at the right hand of Power [Psalm 110:1], and coming with the clouds of heaven.” [Daniel 7:13-14]
63 Tearing his clothes, the high priest said, “What further need do we have of witnesses?
64 You have heard the blasphemy; how does it seem to you?” And they all condemned Him to be deserving of death.
“I kept looking in the night visions,
And behold, with the clouds of heaven
One like a Son of Man was coming,
And He came up to the Ancient of Days
And was presented before Him.
“And to Him was given dominion,
Glory and a kingdom,
That all the peoples, nations and men of every language
Might worship and serve Him. [ Greek Lxx = λατρευουσα from λατρευω = to worship and serve God]
His dominion is an everlasting dominion
Which will not pass away;
And His kingdom is one
Which will not be destroyed.
So, the Bible does defintely teach that Jesus said “I am God” and that He is worthy to be worshiped. (with many other places in Scripture)