In the com-boxes here, Paul Bilal Williams kept asking “Where is the word Messiah in Isaiah 52 and 53? (Paul B. Williams got rid of this blog, unfortunately; and the link has been going to hackers and viruses and scams, so I discontinued the links to Paul’s old blogs)
Since Muslims believe Jesus is the Messiah المسیح
and He Himself said He was “the Servant of Yahweh” of Isaiah 52:13-53:12 – “The Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give His life a ransom for many.” (Mark 10:45; Matthew 20:28, my emphasis), Jesus Al Masih Himself is claiming He is the suffereing servant of Isaiah 52:13-15 and 53:1-12.
Mark and Matthew are the two earliest gospels and Jesus spoke these words; the history and reliability of the text is on our side.
Also, the Hebrew word Messiah משיח is used twice in Daniel 9:24-27, which is about:
the atonement for sin
the finishing of iniquity
the coming of the Messiah
the death of the Messiah
the Destruction of the temple in Jerusalem after His death
Messiah will appear after the 69th “week” (7 x 7 = 49; + 62 x 7 = 434 years; 434 + 49 = 483) – after 483 years, – His public announcement of starting His ministry around 26-27 AD – His baptism and anointing with the Holy Spirit.
24 “Seventy weeks [seventy periods of seven years = 490 years, Daniel 9:1-3 shows the context of the finishing of the 70 years of exile in Babylon, prophesied by Jeremiah the prophet – Jer. 25:11 and 29:10 – he is talking about years, not weeks of seven days] have been decreed for your people and your holy city,
to finish the transgression,
to make an end of sin,
to make atonement for iniquity,
to bring in everlasting righteousness,
to seal up vision and prophecy and
to anoint the most holy one. [Messiah’s anointing of the Holy Spirit at His baptism]
25 So you are to know and discern that from the issuing of a decree to restore and rebuild Jerusalem
[Artaxerxes of Persia in 457 BC- Nehemiah 2]
until Messiah the Prince there will be seven weeks
[ 49 years after Artaxerxes decree, the foundation of the temple was completed] and sixty-two weeks; [together with the 49 years, takes us up to Jesus baptism in 26/27 AD]
it will be built again, with plaza and moat, even in times of distress.
26 Then after the sixty-two weeks the Messiah will be cut off [ see Isaiah 53:8 for similar concept – “He will be cut off from the land of the living” = He will die; and “He would render Himself a guilt offering” (Isaiah 53:10; and “the iniquity of us all will fall upon Him” (Isaiah 53:6) and have nothing,
and the people of the prince who is to come will destroy the city and the sanctuary.
[prophesy of 70 AD and Titus and the Romans who destroyed the temple and city of Jerusalem]
And its end will come with a flood; even to the end there will be war; desolations are determined.
[Jesus Himself said “let the reader understand” about “what was spoken of by the prophet Daniel” concerning the abomination of desolations to come.- Matthew 24:15; Mark 13:14) ]
27 And he will make a firm covenant with the many for one week, but in the middle of the week he will put a stop to sacrifice and grain offering; and on the wing of abominations will come one who makes desolate, even until a complete destruction, one that is decreed, is poured out on the one who makes desolate.”
(Daniel 9:24-27, with my emphasis and explanatory commentary.)
There are various interpetations of the other details of the last seven years, but the clear teaching is:
it was about the atonement for sins
It was about the Messiah to come
the Messiah would be cut off – killed
He would seal up prophesy (after His words (John 17:8 and the apostles writing them down and the revelation of the NT, no more prophesy or revelation – Jude 3, Hebrews 1:1-3)
the temple would be destroyed again completely after the Messiah was killed. (this clear meaning of Daniel 9:24-27 has convinced many Jews that Jesus of Nazareth was the Messiah of the OT. An example of this is Stan Telchin, a Jewish man and author of Betrayed, where he tells of his conversion to Jesus Christ, the true Messiah. See this video of his testimony here. )
Jesus clearly tells us He is the suffering servant of Isaiah 52:13-15 and 53:1-12. (Mark 10:45)
Jesus connects His atonement that must happen first, with the decree of the destruction of the temple in Matthew 23:36; 24:1-3; 24:15; 24:34 – this generation will not pass away until all these things take place- the things until verse 36, “that day” 24:36 and following including chapter 25 is about the second coming of Christ. – these things – the 7 year war with Rome and destruction of the temple. (see here for a previous article I wrote on that.)