Jesus rose from the dead in history; the empty tomb

N. T. Wright’s book on the Resurrection of Jesus Christ, that Dr. Habermas mentions, with a 550 page word study on the two Greek words for resurrection, anastasis (to stand up again) αναστασις and egeiro – εγειρω (to raise, to lift up).  

 

These Greek words, whether used by Jews, Christians, pagan Greeks, etc. were always or almost always used about a body – a body that had died.

The resurrection proves that Jesus really died, and that His death was the atonement for sins and that Jesus truly was all that He Himself claimed that He was – Messiah, Son of God, Son of Man, God the Son, prophet, final sacrifice and atonement for sins.

3 For I delivered to you as of first importance what I also received, that Christ died (απεθανεν) for our sins according to the Scriptures, 4 and that He was buried (εταφη), and that He was raised (εγηγερται, perfect past passive indicative = “he has been raised up”, 3rd singular, from εγειρω, to raise) on the third day according to the Scriptures, (“according to the Scriptures” = κατα τας γραφας)

1 Corinthians 15:3-4

παρέδωκα γὰρ ὑμῖν ἐν πρώτοις, ὃ καὶ παρέλαβον, ὅτι Χριστὸς ἀπέθανεν ὑπὲρ τῶν ἁμαρτιῶν ἡμῶν κατὰ τὰς γραφάς, 4 καὶ ὅτι ἐτάφη, καὶ ὅτι ἐγήγερται τῇ ἡμέρᾳ τῇ τρίτῃ κατὰ τὰς γραφάς

Remember James Dunn’s assessment of 1 Corinthians 15:3-4:
James D. G. Dunn on the apostle Paul’s testimony in 1 Corinthians 15:1-9 – “This tradition, we can be entirely confident, was formulated as a tradition within months of Jesus’ death.” Jesus Remembered, page 855. That was some time between 30-34 AD, very early testimony. And Mark wrote his gospel, from Peter’s preaching, sometime between 48-60 AD.

“Looking up, they saw that the stone had been rolled away, although it was extremely large. 5 Entering the tomb, they saw a young man sitting at the right, wearing a white robe; and they were amazed. 6 And he said to them, “Do not be amazed; you are looking for Jesus the Nazarene, who has been crucified. He has risen; He is not here; behold, here is the place where they laid Him. 7 But go, tell His disciples and Peter, ‘He is going ahead of you to Galilee; there you will see Him, just as He told you.’

Mark 16:4-7

“Jesus the Nazarene, who was crucified”

“He has risen”
εγερθη – Aorist Passive Indicative, 3rd singular – “He was raised”, from same root word in 1 Cor. 15:4 – from εγειρω – “to raise up”

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About Ken Temple

I am a follower of Jesus Christ. I am a sinner who has been saved by the grace of God alone (Ephesians 2:8-9), through faith alone (Galatians 2:16; Romans 3:28; 4:1-16), in Christ alone (John 14:6). But a true faith does not stay alone, it should result in change, fruit, good works, and deeper levels of repentance and hatred of my own sins of selfishness and pride. I am not better than you! I still make mistakes and sin, but the Lord is working on me, conforming me to His character. (Romans 8:28-29; 2 Corinthians 3:16-18) When I do sin, I hate the sin as it is an affront to God, and seek His forgiveness in repentance. (Mark 1:15; 2 Corinthians 7:7-10; Colossians 3:5-16 ) Praise God for His love for sinners (Romans 5:8), shown by the voluntary coming of Christ and His freely laying down His life for us (John 10:18), becoming flesh/human (John 1:1-5; 1:14; Philippians 2:5-8), dying for sins of people from all nations, tribes, and cultures (Revelation 5:9), on the cross, in history, rising from the dead (Romans 10:9-10; Matthew 28, Mark 16:1-8; Luke 24; John 20-21; 1 Corinthians chapter 15). His resurrection from the dead proved that Jesus is the Messiah, the eternal Son of God, the word of God from eternity past; and that He was all the gospels say He was and that He is truth and the life and the way to salvation. (John 14:6)
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4 Responses to Jesus rose from the dead in history; the empty tomb

  1. θ says:

    Unfortunately, Jesus never appears again to convince Jews who expect him to fulfill his words of getting resurrected, and to counter other Jews who spread a lie that his dead body was stolen by his disciples.
    Mt 12:40
    For as Jonas was three days and three nights in the whale’s belly; so shall the Son of man be three days and three nights in the heart of the earth.
    Mt 27:63
    Saying, Sir, we remember that that deceiver said, while he was yet alive, After three days I will rise again.

    Main rejections of Jesus’ divinity:
    (i) Christians shall judge the unseen beings, the angels, in the Judgment Day. Hence, Jesus is not the sole Judge, nor is he the only one who knows the unseen.
    1Cor 6:3 Know ye not that we shall judge angels?

    (ii) Jesus as the Son of Man just appears to stand in heaven which symbolise his lower rank than – or at most equal with – the Elders or angels of heaven.
    Therefore, it is wrong to say that Jesus is higher than angels.
    Acts 7:56 I see the heavens opened, and the Son of man standing on the right hand of God.

    (iii) Angels worship the firstborn when he is brought into the world, hence it makes Mary a joint-recipient of angel’s worship.
    Heb 1:6 When he bringeth in the firstbegotten into the world, he saith, And let all the angels of God worship him.

    (iv) Jesus says to Thomas “because thou has seen me” which means that Jesus can be seen, he
    is not a spirit, hence Jesus is not ” My God” of Thomas.
    Moreover, by using the “I AM” sayings, Jesus refers to his physical body, hands and feet, whereas Jehovah doesn’t have flesh and bones, Jesus can’t be “My God” of Thomas.
    Jn 20:29 Jesus saith unto him, Thomas, because thou hast seen me, thou hast believed:
    Lk 24:39 Behold my hands and my feet, that it is I am myself: handle me, and see; for a spirit hath not flesh and bones, as ye see me have.

    (v) Jesus didn’t send Isaiah when Jehovah says “Us”. The word Us just refers to Jehovah and Spirit. Hence, Jesus is not the person that is referred as the Word in the beginning in John 1:1.
    The identity of “Us” in Isaiah 6:8 is answered and explained by Isaiah 48:16.
    Isa 6:8 The voice of the Lord, saying, Whom shall I send, and who will go for Us?
    Isa 48:16 Now the Lord GOD, and his Spirit, hath sent me.

  2. Ken Temple says:

    The empty tomb and appearances to others, was evidence enough for the unbelieving Jews to be convinced and fulfillment of what He said in Matthew 12:38-41. The appearances are real bodily appearances to His disciples and followers, and others (1 Cor. 15:1-9 – the 500 other witnesses to the resurrection, some of whom are still alive – Paul is saying, “if you doubt this, go ask them; they are living witnesses of Jesus in His resurrection body.”

    Jesus appeared to two unbelievers – Saul of Tarsus and James, His unbelieving half-brother. (1 Cor. 15:1-9; Galatians 1:19) They were convinced and believed based on the evidence and the Lord working in their hearts.

    The inspired apostle John says that Isaiah saw the glory of Jesus Himself as Yahweh – John 12:38-41

    Thomas is clearly calling Jesus “My Lord and my God” in John 20:28
    ἀπεκρίθη Θωμᾶς καὶ εἶπεν αὐτῷ ὁ κύριός μου καὶ ὁ θεός μου
    Thomas, he answered, and said TO HIM ( αὐτῷ) The LORD of mine and the God of mine” (more wooden literal translation.

  3. θ says:

    “Ken Temple says: Jesus appeared to two unbelievers – Saul of Tarsus and James”

    Which James? Of course only James the Disciple sees him. There are many Jameses in the New Testament, one of them is a Disciple (Luke 9:28, Luke 9:54).
    Paul doesn’t see Jesus. Paul’s eyes got blinded. Afterward, his eye’s sickness (caused by Satan’s messenger) can’t be cured.

    “Ken Temple says:Thomas is clearly calling Jesus “My Lord and my God” in John 20:28”

    But Jesus immediately corrects Thomas by replying “Thomas, because thou hast seen me, thou hast believed” which is basically his denial, because the true Jehovah whom Thomas should believe in is not a visible man, let alone a visible person with some scars.

    Exclamation of praising the God “My Lord and My God” in front a human Prophet is something too common in the New Testament. Thomas praises God just like other Jews praise God when witnessing a miracle by God’s Prophets.
    (i) Zechariah praises the God – not a baby John – in front his son after witnessing the fulfillment of Gabriel’s prophesy that John’s birth shall heal Zechariah’s muteness.
    Lk 1
    66 And all they that heard them laid them up in their hearts, saying, What manner of child shall this be! And the hand of the Lord was with him.
    (ii) In Bethlehem, Jewish shepherds praise the God – not a baby Jesus – when witnessing one fulfillment of the angels’s words concerning the birth of Jesus.
    Lk 2
    20 And the shepherds returned, glorifying and praising God for all the things that they had heard and seen, as it was told unto them.
    (iii) Simeon blesses the God when witnessing one fulfillment of prophesy that he shall not taste death till having a meeting with Christ. Simeon blesses God when he holds Jesus in his arms.
    Lk 2
    28 Then took he him up in his arms, and blessed God, and said, 29 Lord, now lettest thou thy servant depart in peace, according to thy word:
    (iv) The blind praises the God – instead of Jesus – after receiving his eye-sighting.
    Lk 18
    43 And immediately he received his sight, and followed him, glorifying God: and all the people, when they saw it, gave praise unto God.

  4. θ says:

    It is interesting to note that, the Trinitarians argue helplessly that Jesus is alpha and omega because John refers to Jesus (by using “I Jesus”) following the claims:
    Rev 11
    13 I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the end, the first and the last. 16 I Jesus have sent my angel to you with this testimony for the churches. I am the root and the offspring of David, the bright morning star.

    But the Trinitarians just stand silent when they are rebutted by showing a Biblical fact that they just contradicted and are dishonest to themselves when they read Rev 1:8-9. Similarly, they must have considered John as alpha and omega as well since John refers to himself (by using “I John”) shortly after the same claims:
    Rev 1
    8 I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the ending, saith the Lord, which is, and which was, and which is to come, the Almighty. 9 . I John, who also am your brother, and companion in tribulation, and in the kingdom and patience of Jesus Christ, was in the isle that is called Patmos, for the word of God, and for the testimony of Jesus Christ.

    What we can say, not only the Trinitarians can’t understand what they read of the Bible, also they contradict it.

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