Does Islam really teach that there is no original, inherited sin that spread to all mankind?

Muslims generally teach that there is no such thing as “original sin”, and they use Surah 30:30 to support that.  The idea there, according to most Muslims, is that Allah created mankind with an “upright” nature.  فطرت  or فطره   (Fitrah).  Also they use Surah 2:37 to say that Allah forgave Adam (and Eve) and that “Original Sin ended with Adam”.  

See also here, “Everyone is born with an innately pure nature”

Actually, there is good evidence that the curse of Allah in expelling Adam and Eve from paradise included their offspring – as several Islamic commentators testify – Ibn Kathir, Jalalayn, and Yusuf Ali. It seems that Islam also has evidence for some kind of original sin and corruption that is spread into Adam and Eve’s offspring. So original sin did not stop with Adam, and Mr. Williams forgot verse 36 and 38 that is the context around verse 37. Even if Allah forgave them in verse 37, the verses around them show that the Qur’an actually teaches some kind of inherited sin that goes to their offspring and affects all of human kind.

فازلهما الشيطان عنها فاخرجهما مما كانا فيه وقلنا اهبطوا بعضكم لبعض عدو ولكم في الارض مستقر ومتاع الى حين
SAHIH INTERNATIONAL
But Satan caused them to slip out of it and removed them from that [condition] in which they had been. And We said, “Go down, [all of you], as enemies to one another, and you will have upon the earth a place of settlement and provision for a time.”

Surah 2:36

قلنا اهبطوا منها جميعا فاما ياتينكم مني هدى فمن تبع هداي فلا خوف عليهم ولا هم يحزنون

SAHIH INTERNATIONAL
We said, “Go down from it, all of you. And when guidance comes to you from Me, whoever follows My guidance – there will be no fear concerning them, nor will they grieve.
Surah 2:38

“all of you” is جمیعا – a clear understanding of more than 2. We have this in Farsi also which means “all” and it comes from root verb of Jam’e جمع , which means “to collect”, “to sum up”, “to add”, “to gather up” (more than one thing). It is also used of a Mosque/ Masjid – “Jami” – the place of gathering together” and the word for Friday, جمعه – comes that root – the day to gather and go to worship at the Masjid. Masjid means the “place of bowing down” and Jami means the place of gathering.

It it interesting to me the the word اهبطوا (go down, descend) – in Farsi we get the word for “the fall” of mankind from this root – هبوط

that they would go down to the earth and become enemies to each other.

اهبطوا بعضكم لبعض عدو
Literally “some of you to some of you become enemies of one another”. (verse 36) بعضی ، بعض – we have this word in Farsi, meaning “some”. Seems to include more than just Adam and Eve!

Here is the commentary of Ibn Kathir regarding Qur’an, Surah 2:38-39:

“Allah informs of His warning to Adam, his wife and Satan, their offspring, when he ordered them to descend from Paradise. He says he will send messengers with Scriptures, signs and proofs… ”

(Tafsir Ibn Kathir, Part 1, Surah Al-Fatiah Surah Al-Baqarah, ayat 1 to 141, Abridged by Sheikh Nasib Ar-Rafa‘i [Al-Firdous Ltd., London: Second Edition 1998], pp. 109-110; bold emphasis mine)

Also, the late Abdullah Yusuf Ali (one of the most, if not the most, standard English versions of the Qur’an) in his commentary in the footnotes of Surah 2:36, footnote 53, page 17.

“… Note the transition in Arabic from the singular number in ii. 33, to the dual in ii. 35, and the plural here [2:36], which I have indicated in English by ‘All ye people.’ Evidently Adam is the type of all mankind, and the sexes go together in all spiritual matters. Moreover, the expulsion applied to Adam, Eve, and Satan, and the Arabic plural is appropriate for any number greater than two.” (Abdullah Yusuf Ali, The Holy Qur’an: English Translation of the meanings and Commentary, The Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Fahd, Saudi Arabia, 1413 Hegira, footnote 53, page 17). bolding my emphasis

Ibn Kathir wrote in commenting on Surah 2:34:

“This Ayah mentions the great honor that Allah granted Adam, and Allah reminded Adam’s offspring of this fact. Allah commanded the angels to prostrate before Adam, as this Ayah and many Hadiths testify, such as the Hadith about the intercession that we discussed. There is a Hadith about the supplication of Musa, “O my Lord! Show me <b>Adam who caused us and himself to be thrown out of Paradise.”</b> When Musa met Adam, he said to him, “Are you Adam whom Allah created with His Own Hands, blew life into and commanded the angels to prostrate before?” (Tafsir Ibn Kathir (Abridged) (Surat Al-Fatihah to Verse 252 of Surat Al-Baqarah), abridged by a group of scholars under the supervision of Shaykh Safiur-Rahman Al-Mubarakpuri [Darussalam Publishers & Distributors, Riyadh, Houston, New York, Lahore; First Edition: January 2000], Parts 1 and 2, Volume 1, p. 193; bold emphasis mine)

Jalalayn’s commentary:

“Then Satan, Iblīs, caused them to slip, he caused them to be removed (fa-azallahumā: a variant reading has fa-azālahumā: he caused them to be away from it) therefrom, that is, from the Garden, when he said to them, ‘Shall I point you to the tree of eternity’ [cf. Q. 20:120], and swore to them by God that he was only giving good advice to them, and so they ate of it; and brought them out of what they were in, of bliss; and We said, ‘Go down, to earth, both of you <b>and all those comprised by your seed</b>; some of you, <b>of your progeny, an enemy to the other, </b>through your wronging one another; and in the earth a dwelling, a place of settlement, shall be yours, and enjoyment, of whatever of its vegetation you may enjoy, for a while’, [until] the time your terms [of life] are concluded.”
(Tafsir al-Jalalayn, Q. 2:36; bold emphasis mine)

These Islamic commentaries and Hadith seem to understand the Islamic sources as including the offspring of Adam and Eve and spreading to all humankind.

Credit to Sam Shamoun for pointing these things out to me and I studied his article here and I got the quotes from the Islamic commentators from him, and then adapted the information to my article.    (At Keith Thompson’s blog) I used the quote from Yusuf Ali from my own copy of the Qur’an, rather than the website that Sam linked to.

Here are a lot more quotes from Islamic sources on this issue in Sam’s Part 2 of this issue. 

Advertisements

About Ken Temple

I am a follower of Jesus Christ. I am a sinner who has been saved by the grace of God alone (Ephesians 2:8-9), through faith alone (Galatians 2:16; Romans 3:28; 4:1-16), in Christ alone (John 14:6). But a true faith does not stay alone, it should result in change, fruit, good works, and deeper levels of repentance and hatred of my own sins of selfishness and pride. I am not better than you! I still make mistakes and sin, but the Lord is working on me, conforming me to His character. (Romans 8:28-29; 2 Corinthians 3:16-18) When I do sin, I hate the sin as it is an affront to God, and seek His forgiveness in repentance. (Mark 1:15; 2 Corinthians 7:7-10; Colossians 3:5-16 ) Praise God for His love for sinners (Romans 5:8), shown by the voluntary coming of Christ and His freely laying down His life for us (John 10:18), becoming flesh/human (John 1:1-5; 1:14; Philippians 2:5-8), dying for sins of people from all nations, tribes, and cultures (Revelation 5:9), on the cross, in history, rising from the dead (Romans 10:9-10; Matthew 28, Mark 16:1-8; Luke 24; John 20-21; 1 Corinthians chapter 15). His resurrection from the dead proved that Jesus is the Messiah, the eternal Son of God, the word of God from eternity past; and that He was all the gospels say He was and that He is truth and the life and the way to salvation. (John 14:6)
This entry was posted in Islam, Muslims, Original sin, Sin in Islam. Bookmark the permalink.

4 Responses to Does Islam really teach that there is no original, inherited sin that spread to all mankind?

  1. Pingback: Does Islam really teach that there is no original, inherited sin that spread to all mankind?

  2. θ says:

    “Article says: فازلهما الشيطان عنها فاخرجهما مما كانا فيه وقلنا اهبطوا بعضكم لبعض عدو ولكم في الارض مستقر ومتاع الى حين
    But Satan caused them to slip out of it and removed them from that [condition] in which they had been. And We said, “Go down, [all of you], as enemies to one another, and you will have upon the earth a place of settlement and provision for a time.”
    Surah 2:36
    قلنا اهبطوا منها جميعا فاما ياتينكم مني هدى فمن تبع هداي فلا خوف عليهم ولا هم يحزنون
    We said, “Go down from it, all of you. And when guidance comes to you from Me, whoever follows My guidance – there will be no fear concerning them, nor will they grieve.
    Surah 2:38”

    Mostly Trinitarians have a great difficulty to explain the forgiveness ad the return of Enoch to heaven where Adam was – even ironically where Jesus’ soul was – but Moslems understand very well how Allah has forgiven and accepted Adam’s son again in the same purity level.
    Where Jesus was when Enoch ascended to heaven?
    Heb 11
    5 By faith Enoch was translated that he should not see death; and was not found, because God had translated him: for before his translation he had this testimony, that he pleased God.

    Q.2, v.37. Adam received words from his Lord, and He relented towards him.

  3. θ says:

    Eden of Islamic version is not our slow world. It is the place of light.
    Heaven or paradise is described by Qur’an as a place where Moslems and Prophet Muhammad will walk in thru the light (Q.66, v.8). Heaven is as the super spacecrafts that flight with a light-year warp of velocity. In Islam there are 7 heavens.

    Inside a light-year velocity, the Sun or night is no more perceived. Time becomes almost stopped or static. Time becomes illusion.
    The absence of the Sun and the Moon in the light travel is a reason why there’s no monthly day or yearly days, everything is just counted loosely as “Day” (Arabic: Yawm).

    On other hand, the “slow people” who stay outside of the light velocity spacecrafts can’t see or even realize what is happening in the vehicle because everything bends as tiny as electron of atoms. In Arabic it is compared to “zarrah” per Q.99, v.7.

    Outside of the light travel, a “slow realm” walks delayed like snails. The expansion of the Big Bang created a Space-continuum which moves slower than light. In Qur’an there will be gates or doors or portals of heaven per Q.38, v.50 where heavenly people can switch the places or choose to take a rest time awhile.

  4. θ says:

    Qur’an has many verses that mentioned a bitter fact of the persons who died as the unbelievers.
    In Islam, the theology of Predestination can be proven:
    (i) We all can know precisely that every child must be born in Fitra (original innocence).
    (ii) We all can know so precisely of the way, reason, and identity of many individuals who had got predestined by Allah for Hell, that is at the moment when the particular persons die as “polytheist by choice” as a matter of fact.

    However, Allah already foreknows exactly who shall die as “polytheist by choice”, even though every child is born in Fitra.
    Ibn Majah, Vol. 1, Book 1, Hadith 76
    Abdullah bin Mas’ud said: The Messenger of Allah the true and truly inspired one, told us that: By the One in Whose Hand is my soul! One of you may do the deeds of the people of Paradise until there is no more than a forearm’s length between him and it, then the decree overtakes him and he does the deeds of the people of Hell, until there is no more than a forearm’s length between him and it, then the decree overtakes him and he does the deeds of the people of Paradise until he enters therein.
    Tirmidhi, Vol. 4, Book 6, Hadith 2138
    Abu Hurairah narrated that the Messenger of Allah said: Every child is born upon the Millah, then his parents make him a Jew, a Christian, or a idolater. It was said: O Messenger of Allah What about those who die before that? He said: Allah knows best what they would have done.

    In a nutshell, in Islam the theology of Predestination is not wholly a matter of speculation, but actually a proof: Those who die as the polytheist by choice (after they know Allah) must undoubtedly be the individuals whom Allah has predestined as the people of Hell. No less, no more.

    The Faith depends on a choice, the final fate of a person is determined by his choice whether he chooses to be Monotheist or not.
    On other hand, the final weight of deeds just determines the span of purgatory (temporary punishment), hence the polytheists who have a much heavier deed shall get the less heat of Hell, even though the persons would be in Hell forever.
    Those believers who have a light deed shall have to be purified by fire, even though the persons would eventually be a citizen of Heaven afterward.

Comments are closed.