Besides the very clear presentation by David Wood that the Qur’an:
- Affirms/confirms مصدق the inspiration of the previous Scriptures – Surah 3:84, 2:136; 3:3-4
- Affirms/confirms مصدق the preservation of the previous Scriptures – Surah 5:47; 10:94 (between the hands – بین یدیه = what they have at the time of Muhammad)
- Affirms/confirms the authority of the previous Scriptures – 5:43 – why do they come to you when they have the Torah?
5:47 – let the people of the Gospel judge by what God has revealed therein –
5:68 – O people of the Scripture, اهل الکتاب you have no standing unless you observe/uphold/ hold fast to / do / obey the Torah and the Gospel, and what has been revealed to you from your Lord.”
“Say, “O People of the Scripture, you are [standing] on nothing until you uphold [the law of] the Torah, the Gospel, and what has been revealed to you from your Lord.” And that which has been revealed to you from your Lord will surely increase many of them in transgression and disbelief. So do not grieve over the disbelieving people.” Qur’an Surah 5:68, Sahih International translation
10:94 – Gospel and Torah authoritative for Muhammad also. Resort to the previous Scriptures; Ask the people of the book.
and since none can change the words of Allah – Surah 6:114-5 (or 116 depending on different English translation/numbering system) and 18:27; (see also 6:34, 10:65)
therefore, the previous Scriptures were not corrupted.
also, David Wood also shows why the Qur’an understands itself on why it was revealed:
Surah 46:12 and 42:7 and 6:155-157 – revealed in Arabic because the Arabs did not have a book from God and were ignorant of God’s truth and revelation, and so that they have no excuse on judgement day.
Besides these points,
David Wood Also devastated Shabir’s arguments by several other points:
Context of Surah 2:75-79
Shabir tries to say 2:79 means the Torah was completely corrupted.
- Surah 2:75 – “a party/sect/group from among them” ( the Jews) ” فریق منهم , who used to hear the words of Allah and distort / change (the Torah) after they had understood it.
This goes with Surah 3:78 – منهم لفریقا – “from among them there is a party/group” – a party among them who distort the Scriptures with their tongues
Surah 7:159 – a faithful party / group of the Jews.
Surah 3:113-115 – a faithful party of the Jews who stayed up late at night reciting the Scriptures.
One party cannot totally corrupt all of the Scriptures because there are so many other copies globally of the Scriptures.
So, it cannot mean that all of the original Torah was corrupted or lost.
- Keep reading to 2:85 – condemns people who don’t accept ALL of the Word of God. (in context, meaning The Torah or Tanakh)
The context of 2:75-79 points to some parts that people were making up and going apart and saying “this is from Allah”, but it could not effect all the other Scriptures all over the world.
I would add that 2:78 shows that this group is:
a. Uneducated / illiterate
b. Don’t know the Scriptures
c. Only going by what they hear
so this group of 2:79 are uneducated and illiterate and don’t know the Scriptures and only going by what they hear.
This is seems to be what Muhammad did – he is just hearing things, doesn’t have the Scriptures in Arabic, and cannot read Hebrew or Greek, so he doesn’t know everything about the previous Scriptures and is just assuming that he understands them and approves of them, and assumes the Christians and Jews are teaching wrong things.
- Shabir tried to say that Jesus said John the Baptist is greater than Him, and that there was another one coming after John the Baptist who will be greater than him, and Shabir claimed that is Muhammad, since Jesus said “no one born of woman is greater than John the Baptist”.
John 1:26-31 – John the Baptist said “this is the one I am speaking about who is higher than me and I am not worthy to untie his sandals”, etc. (Jesus, the lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world; the one who stands among you whom I will baptize in water”, etc. )
Even Matthew 3:11 – John the Baptist clearly says that the one who is greater than him whom he is not worthy to remove his sandals, this is the one who will baptize with the Holy Spirit and fire. (also in Mark 1:7-8; Luke 3:16-17)
So, Shabir’s argument only from Synoptics is defeated, nuked, destroyed, shish kebab-ed.
- Shabir’s argument about the Paraclete being Muhammad was very weak, since there are no textual variants of the original Greek of those passages in John 14 and 16; and Greek writes vowels; and 14:16-17 says “the Spirit of truth” and “will be with you forever”; and “He will be in you”, etc. Also, John 16:7 Jesus says “I will send Him”, “the Helper” (paracletos), “the Spirit of Truth” (verse 13) – that argument would make Jesus into Allah, since only Allah can send prophets, an argument which Muslims would not want to do.
- The quote from Abdullah Saeed, professor of Arabic and Islamic Studies at the University of Melbourne, was devastating to Shabir Ally’s argument. Boom!
“Since the “authorized” scriptures of Jews and Christians remain very
much today as they existed at the time of the Prophet, it is difficult to argue
that the Qur’anic references to Tawrat and Injeel were only to the “pure”
Tawrat and Injeel as existed at the time of Moses and Jesus, respectively. If the
texts have remained more or less as they were in the seventh century CE, the
reverence the Qur’än has shown them at the time should be retained even
today. Many interpreters of the Qur’an, from Tabari to Râzï to Ibn Taymiyya
and even Qutb, appear to be inclined to share this view. The wholesale
dismissive attitude held by many Muslims in the modern period towards
the scriptures of Judaism and Christianity do not seem have the support of
either the Qur’an or the major figures of tafsir.”
Abdullah Saeed, professor of Arabic and Islamic Studies at the University of Melbourne
THE CHARGE OF DISTORTION OF JEWISH AND CHRISTIAN SCRIPTURES, page 434-435
- The Torah is also called Furqan فرقان (“criterion”) – Surah 2:53 and 21:48. (answering 3:3-4 which adds the Furqan to Torah and Gospel. (maybe Qur’an or maybe other OT books like Zobur or prophets.)
The only strong point that Shabir had was the Hadith of Al Bukhari of Ibn Abbas, (which Paul Williams quoted above), which contradicts Sunan Abu Dawood 4449 and Jami’ Al-Tirmidhi 2653, which said that “Muhammad said “The Torah and the Gospel are with the Jews and the Christians”. Ibn Abbas implies that they should not ask the people of the Scripture since the Qur’an comes later, etc. But Shabir admitted that other narrations/sources on Ibn Abbas are contradictory.
David Wood had a great rebuttal to that: “Don’t make Ibn Abbas’ word over-rule Allah’s word (in Qur’an) and Muhammad’s words.”