John 1:1 “. . . and the Word was God”

John 1:1, from “The Daily Dose of Greek” by Dr. Rob Plummer:
After the video, see the detailed explanation of the issues of the grammar, Dan Wallace’s comments, and how John 1:1 guards against both Modalism and Arianism:

Apologetics and Agape

A person who goes by “patrobin” over at a Muslim blog (Paul Williams) asked:

“Where does John 1:1 say Jesus is God?”


in the third clause,

“In the beginning was the Word,
and the Word was with God,
and the Word was God. “

 John 1:1

If one only has a beginning knowledge of Greek, it is very dangerous. The grammar and Greek syntax of John 1:1 determines the right theology. The doctrine of the Deity of Christ and the eternality of the Son is based on Scripture, not the Council of Nicaea. The Council of Nicaea is based on Scripture, and derives secondary authority from the only infallible authority – the Scriptures.

The predicate nominative issue is the key interpretive issue, more important than the definite article issue.

The third clause and predicate nominative issue:

and the Word was God. “

καὶ θεὸς ἦν ὁ λόγος.

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About Ken Temple

I am a follower of Jesus Christ. I am a sinner who has been saved by the grace of God alone (Ephesians 2:8-9), through faith alone (Galatians 2:16; Romans 3:28; 4:1-16), in Christ alone (John 14:6). But a true faith does not stay alone, it should result in change, fruit, good works, and deeper levels of repentance and hatred of my own sins of selfishness and pride. I am not better than you! I still make mistakes and sin, but the Lord is working on me, conforming me to His character. (Romans 8:28-29; 2 Corinthians 3:16-18) When I do sin, I hate the sin as it is an affront to God, and seek His forgiveness in repentance. (Mark 1:15; 2 Corinthians 7:7-10; Colossians 3:5-16 ) Praise God for His love for sinners (Romans 5:8), shown by the voluntary coming of Christ and His freely laying down His life for us (John 10:18), becoming flesh/human (John 1:1-5; 1:14; Philippians 2:5-8), dying for sins of people from all nations, tribes, and cultures (Revelation 5:9), on the cross, in history, rising from the dead (Romans 10:9-10; Matthew 28, Mark 16:1-8; Luke 24; John 20-21; 1 Corinthians chapter 15). His resurrection from the dead proved that Jesus is the Messiah, the eternal Son of God, the word of God from eternity past; and that He was all the gospels say He was and that He is truth and the life and the way to salvation. (John 14:6)
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4 Responses to John 1:1 “. . . and the Word was God”

  1. Jesse says:

    Hey Ken,

    Sorry for this irrelevant comment…You’ve got comments turned off on article where this would actually be relevant. But I came across an interesting note that might be useful when addressing John 3:5 and baptismal regeneration:

    “Early in church history when the Greek New Testament was being translated into Latin, the Latin word renatus (“born again”) was incorrectly used to translate the Greek word gennēthē (“born”) in John 3:5, rather than the correct Latin word natus (“born”). The incorrect reading of renatus soon prevailed among the majority of Latin manuscripts, so that it became the standard reading of the Latin Vulgate. A textual basis for the doctrine of baptismal regeneration quickly became ensconced in western Christendom.”

    What do you think of that excerpt?

    • Ken Temple says:

      I noticed that article at your blog.
      It looks very interesting.
      I look forward to reading it more in-depth and studying it in a deeper way.

      No problem on the irrelevancy to the post here.

      I had to put all my old articles on a 14 day time limit because there was a Muslim who flooded all my old articles with too many comments to even keep up with and so I had to cut all the old ones off and make a policy of 14 days and then no more comments for the new articles.

      • Jesse says:

        I don’t know whether I would agree with the interpretation of John 3:5 that the author proposes, but that particular excerpt is definitely worth looking into. If you can find any details, please do let me know.

  2. Jesse says:

    I haven’t studied baptismal regeneration and early church beliefs in close to as much detail as you have, but here is a particular excerpt that might catch your attention (if you were not already familiar with it):

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