John 1:1, from “The Daily Dose of Greek” by Dr. Rob Plummer:
After the video, see the detailed explanation of the issues of the grammar, Dan Wallace’s comments, and how John 1:1 guards against both Modalism and Arianism:
“Where does John 1:1 say Jesus is God?”
in the third clause,
“In the beginning was the Word,
and the Word was with God,
and the Word was God. “
If one only has a beginning knowledge of Greek, it is very dangerous. The grammar and Greek syntax of John 1:1 determines the right theology. The doctrine of the Deity of Christ and the eternality of the Son is based on Scripture, not the Council of Nicaea. The Council of Nicaea is based on Scripture, and derives secondary authority from the only infallible authority – the Scriptures.
The predicate nominative issue is the key interpretive issue, more important than the definite article issue.
The third clause and predicate nominative issue:
“ and the Word was God. “
καὶ θεὸς ἦν ὁ λόγος.
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