Muslims are forced to question the atonement and the need for sacrifices for forgiveness of sins, because of Islam’s denial of it and the Qu’ran’s denial of the crucifixion, death, and atonement of the Messiah. (Surah 4:157)
See discussion here. see the video and Paul Williams questioning of the Christian concepts of forgiveness of sins by the atonement of Christ, and discussion in the com-boxes.
“Seventy weeks (seventy periods of seven years = 490 years from the decree to rebuild Jerusalem) have been decreed for your people and your holy city, to finish the transgression, to make an end of sin, to make atonement for iniquity, . . . (focus on those 3 purposes – all about atonement for sin) (verse 24)
that from the issuing of a decree to restore and rebuild Jerusalem until Messiah the Prince there will be seven weeks and sixty-two weeks; (verse 25)
(483 years – Messiah appears, or is anointed at His baptism – the prophesy in Daniel spoken in Persia around 500 BC, being passed down from generation to generation of the Magi in the Persian Empire, along with the revelation of God through the miracle star, causes Magi in Persian Empire to come to Jerusalem because the prophesy was spoken and written by Daniel in Persia around 500 BC. (Matthew 2:1-12)
and 7 weeks (7 periods of seven years = 49 years
and 62 periods of seven years = 434 years
49 + 434 = 483 years – brings us to either time around Jesus’ birth or Jesus’ baptism, depending on which of the decrees of Persian kings one starts with. (Darius the Great and Ardeshir (Artaxerxes) issued decrees to rebuild the city of Jerusalem. books of Ezra and Nehemiah).
Then after the sixty-two weeks the Messiah will be cut off (see Isaiah 53:8 for similar concept of being cut off = killed)
and have nothing, and the people of the prince who is to come will destroy the city and the sanctuary. (verse 26)
the sanctuary was destroyed later in 70 AD – verse 27 – “desolations are determined” (prophesied by Jesus around 30 AD in Matthew 24)
Background theology from both OT and NT:
All the animal sacrifices of the OT point to the Messiah’s atonement (Daniel 9:24-27; Isaiah 52 & 53) and the NT fulfillment (John 1:29; Mark 10:45; 1 Peter 1:18-19; Revelation chapter 5)
And book of Hebrews, chapters 8, 9, 10 explain this also, shows fulfillment of Levitical sacrifices.
A Muslim claims that OT Burnt offerings had nothing to do with atonement for sin.
(also included later are my main points from scripture and from the Qur’an 37:107, that demonstrates that even the Qur’an unwittingly affirmed substitutionary atonement)
Sure they did – Genesis 8:20-21 (first time Olah used in Hebrew Bible) shows the burnt offering & context of the sinfulness of mankind and the worship and sacrifice almost ALWAYS (unless the specific context shows, as in the grain offerings) had some aspect of repentance and contrition over sin. One cannot worship God without part of that worship being confession of sin and repentance from sin, and mourning over our sin.
Nevertheless, Leviticus 1-7 and 16-17 are clear that they are Mosaic laws with reference to sin.
Furthermore, Genesis 3, when God killed animals for clothing for Adam and Eve, AFTER they sinned, points to the shedding of blood for atonement for sin.
A commenter who goes by “Erasmus” point out what Job 1:5 says:
“And it was so, when the days of their feasting were gone about, that Job sent and sanctified them, and rose up early in the morning, and offered burnt offerings according to the number of them all: for Job said, It may be that my sons have sinned, and cursed God in their hearts. Thus did Job continually.” Job 1:5
The Jewish Scriptures show the Messiah to come would be the one who would be the final sacrifice, the atonement for sin, the “finishing” of iniquity – Daniel 7:24-27; Isaiah 52:13-15 & Isaiah 53:1-12 and the NT confirms this – Mark 10:45; John 1:29; I Peter 1:18-19; Revelation chapter 5. people from every nation, tribe, people group, and language have been purchased ( redeemed, ransomed, فدا، فدیه ) by the blood of the lamb – the Messiah (Rev. 5:5-5 – the one from the tribe of Judah, root of David, Jesus Himself, the eternal Word and eternal Son). Rev. 5:9
Read Genesis 22; Exodus 12; Leviticus chapters 1-7; 16-17; Isaiah 53; and then the NT interpretation – John 1:29; Rev. 5; I Peter 1:18-19, Hebrews chapters 7, 8, 9, 10
I Corinthians 5:7 – “For Christ, our passover lamb, has been sacrificed”
I cannot help it if you do not study and try to sincerely understand Christian theology.
The ram (of Genesis 22 and Surah 37:107) is an innocent, sinless victim, which is the theology of Exodus 12 (Passover lambs); Leviticus 1-7; 16-17 – “spotless”, “without blemish”, – the innocent animals take the place of the sinful humans and the animal sacrifices in the OT in Exodus 12; Lev. 1-7; 16-17-
they point to the coming Messiah – Isaiah 53; Daniel 9:24-27.
the whole Bible teaches this progressively from Genesis to Revelation; which the NT teaches also:
“18 knowing that you were not redeemed with perishable things like silver or gold from your futile way of life inherited from your forefathers, 19 but with precious blood, as of a lamb unblemished and spotless, the blood of Christ.” 1 Peter 1:18-19
See also Revelation 5:5-6, 9-14.
The Muslims keep asking why the transition from animal sacrifices to the Messiah as a human sacrifice – the answer is in progressive revelation – from Genesis to Leviticus to prophesies of the Messiah to the NT fulfillment.
Progressive revelation. All faith and repentance in the OT and John the Baptizer یحیی Yahya – before Christ and before the cross – all of it looks forward to the Messiah and His “once for all sacrifice for sins”. John the Baptizer himself said about Jesus – “behold the lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world”. (John 1:29)
Same for Genesis 22 – the sacrifice of the ram in the place of the human (Abraham’s unique beloved son) points to the Messiah and His sacrificial atonement at the cross.
Even the Qur’an hints at the truth of substitutionary ransom atonement – Surah 37:107 – “We have ransomed him with a mighty sacrifice”.
وَفَدَيْنَاهُ بِذِبْحٍ عَظِيمٍ – 37:107
The root of that word for “ransom” in Arabic, is the same root word for ransom when Mark 10:45/Matthew 20:28 is translated into Arabic or Farsi – فدیه و فدا
“The Son of man came not to be served, but to serve, and to give His life a ransom for many” Mark 10:45
The Qur’an, by affirming the historical narrative of Genesis 22, preserves the truth of substitutionary ransom sacrifice in Surah 37:107.
Islam, both in AHadith and Qur’an, by affirming the previous 2 monotheistic religions, could not get rid of the clear affirmation of substitutionary ransom sacrifice for forgiveness for sins.
but why the need for a substitute sacrifice ذبح and ransom فدا ، فدیه ? Allah could have stopped him from killing his son without a substitute? Truth bears repeating and you guys have never answered or refuted this; since also the Qur’an skips over all the subsequent prophesy and theology based on this in Genesis 22 – Leviticus chapters 1-7, 16-17; Isaiah 53; the whole NT, Mark 10:45, etc.
Why is the Eid Al Adha عید الاضحی or عید قربان Eid e Qorban “a path for you do after your father” ?
Why did Allah substitute a ram in the place of the human?
How is that a reward?
The Messiah was the fulfillment of all the prophesies about a perfect atonement –
Daniel 9:24-27 – to make atonement, to forgive iniquity, to finish transgression . . .Messiah will be cut off (see also Isaiah 53:8 – He was cut off from the land of the living = killed.
Yahya یحیی (John the Baptizer) the prophet said, “Behold, the lamb of God who takes away the sin of the World.” John 1:29