William Lane Craig responds to Bart Ehrman

Thanks to a guy named Dirk for pointing out this video.

Posted in Apologetics, Bart Ehrman, Historical Jesus, Historical reliability of the Bible, Reliability of the Bible, William Lane Craig | 8 Comments

Why Baptismal Regeneration is un-Biblical and wrong


Posted in Baptism, Baptismal Regeneration, Roman Catholic false practices, Roman Catholicism | 22 Comments

A cry for Justice: A Time for praying the imprecatory Psalms

By the group “sons of Korah” from Australia.   They have done a lot of the Psalms and their music is excellent and they keep very close to the text of Scripture.  This song covers Psalm 94:1-11.

“play skillfully” – Psalm 33:1-3

Psalm 94New American Standard Bible (NASB)

The Lord Implored to Avenge His People.

94 O Lord, God of vengeance,
God of vengeance, shine forth!
Rise up, O Judge of the earth,
Render recompense to the proud.
How long shall the wicked, O Lord,
How long shall the wicked exult?
They pour forth words, they speak arrogantly;
All who do wickedness vaunt themselves.
They crush Your people, O Lord,
And afflict Your heritage.
They slay the widow and the stranger
And murder the orphans.
They have said, “The Lord does not see,
Nor does the God of Jacob pay heed.”

Pay heed, you senseless among the people;
And when will you understand, stupid ones?
He who planted the ear, does He not hear?
He who formed the eye, does He not see?
10 He who chastens the nations, will He not rebuke,
Even He who teaches man knowledge?
11 The Lord knows the thoughts of man,
That they are a mere breath.

12 Blessed is the man whom You chasten, O Lord,
And whom You teach out of Your law;
13 That You may grant him relief from the days of adversity,
Until a pit is dug for the wicked.
14 For the Lord will not abandon His people,
Nor will He forsake His inheritance.
15 For judgment will again be righteous,
And all the upright in heart will follow it.
16 Who will stand up for me against evildoers?
Who will take his stand for me against those who do wickedness?

17 If the Lord had not been my help,
My soul would soon have dwelt in the abode of silence.
18 If I should say, “My foot has slipped,”
Your lovingkindness, O Lord, will hold me up.
19 When my anxious thoughts multiply within me,
Your consolations delight my soul.
20 Can a throne of destruction be allied with You,
One which devises mischief by decree?
21 They band themselves together against the life of the righteous
And condemn the innocent to death.
22 But the Lord has been my stronghold,
And my God the rock of my refuge.
23 He has brought back their wickedness upon them
And will destroy them in their evil;
The Lord our God will destroy them.

Posted in Impreccatory Psalms, Justice, Prayer | Leave a comment

Does Islam really teach that there is no original, inherited sin that spread to all mankind?

Muslims generally teach that there is no such thing as “original sin”, and they use Surah 30:30 to support that.  The idea there, according to most Muslims, is that Allah created mankind with an “upright” nature.  فطرت  or فطره   (Fitrah).  Also they use Surah 2:37 to say that Allah forgave Adam (and Eve) and that “Original Sin ended with Adam”.  

See also here, “Everyone is born with an innately pure nature”

Actually, there is good evidence that the curse of Allah in expelling Adam and Eve from paradise included their offspring – as several Islamic commentators testify – Ibn Kathir, Jalalayn, and Yusuf Ali. It seems that Islam also has evidence for some kind of original sin and corruption that is spread into Adam and Eve’s offspring. So original sin did not stop with Adam, and Mr. Williams forgot verse 36 and 38 that is the context around verse 37. Even if Allah forgave them in verse 37, the verses around them show that the Qur’an actually teaches some kind of inherited sin that goes to their offspring and affects all of human kind.

فازلهما الشيطان عنها فاخرجهما مما كانا فيه وقلنا اهبطوا بعضكم لبعض عدو ولكم في الارض مستقر ومتاع الى حين
But Satan caused them to slip out of it and removed them from that [condition] in which they had been. And We said, “Go down, [all of you], as enemies to one another, and you will have upon the earth a place of settlement and provision for a time.”

Surah 2:36

قلنا اهبطوا منها جميعا فاما ياتينكم مني هدى فمن تبع هداي فلا خوف عليهم ولا هم يحزنون

We said, “Go down from it, all of you. And when guidance comes to you from Me, whoever follows My guidance – there will be no fear concerning them, nor will they grieve.
Surah 2:38

“all of you” is جمیعا – a clear understanding of more than 2. We have this in Farsi also which means “all” and it comes from root verb of Jam’e جمع , which means “to collect”, “to sum up”, “to add”, “to gather up” (more than one thing). It is also used of a Mosque/ Masjid – “Jami” – the place of gathering together” and the word for Friday, جمعه – comes that root – the day to gather and go to worship at the Masjid. Masjid means the “place of bowing down” and Jami means the place of gathering.

It it interesting to me the the word اهبطوا (go down, descend) – in Farsi we get the word for “the fall” of mankind from this root – هبوط

that they would go down to the earth and become enemies to each other.

اهبطوا بعضكم لبعض عدو
Literally “some of you to some of you become enemies of one another”. (verse 36) بعضی ، بعض – we have this word in Farsi, meaning “some”. Seems to include more than just Adam and Eve!

Here is the commentary of Ibn Kathir regarding Qur’an, Surah 2:38-39:

“Allah informs of His warning to Adam, his wife and Satan, their offspring, when he ordered them to descend from Paradise. He says he will send messengers with Scriptures, signs and proofs… ”

(Tafsir Ibn Kathir, Part 1, Surah Al-Fatiah Surah Al-Baqarah, ayat 1 to 141, Abridged by Sheikh Nasib Ar-Rafa‘i [Al-Firdous Ltd., London: Second Edition 1998], pp. 109-110; bold emphasis mine)

Also, the late Abdullah Yusuf Ali (one of the most, if not the most, standard English versions of the Qur’an) in his commentary in the footnotes of Surah 2:36, footnote 53, page 17.

“… Note the transition in Arabic from the singular number in ii. 33, to the dual in ii. 35, and the plural here [2:36], which I have indicated in English by ‘All ye people.’ Evidently Adam is the type of all mankind, and the sexes go together in all spiritual matters. Moreover, the expulsion applied to Adam, Eve, and Satan, and the Arabic plural is appropriate for any number greater than two.” (Abdullah Yusuf Ali, The Holy Qur’an: English Translation of the meanings and Commentary, The Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Fahd, Saudi Arabia, 1413 Hegira, footnote 53, page 17). bolding my emphasis

Ibn Kathir wrote in commenting on Surah 2:34:

“This Ayah mentions the great honor that Allah granted Adam, and Allah reminded Adam’s offspring of this fact. Allah commanded the angels to prostrate before Adam, as this Ayah and many Hadiths testify, such as the Hadith about the intercession that we discussed. There is a Hadith about the supplication of Musa, “O my Lord! Show me <b>Adam who caused us and himself to be thrown out of Paradise.”</b> When Musa met Adam, he said to him, “Are you Adam whom Allah created with His Own Hands, blew life into and commanded the angels to prostrate before?” (Tafsir Ibn Kathir (Abridged) (Surat Al-Fatihah to Verse 252 of Surat Al-Baqarah), abridged by a group of scholars under the supervision of Shaykh Safiur-Rahman Al-Mubarakpuri [Darussalam Publishers & Distributors, Riyadh, Houston, New York, Lahore; First Edition: January 2000], Parts 1 and 2, Volume 1, p. 193; bold emphasis mine)

Jalalayn’s commentary:

“Then Satan, Iblīs, caused them to slip, he caused them to be removed (fa-azallahumā: a variant reading has fa-azālahumā: he caused them to be away from it) therefrom, that is, from the Garden, when he said to them, ‘Shall I point you to the tree of eternity’ [cf. Q. 20:120], and swore to them by God that he was only giving good advice to them, and so they ate of it; and brought them out of what they were in, of bliss; and We said, ‘Go down, to earth, both of you <b>and all those comprised by your seed</b>; some of you, <b>of your progeny, an enemy to the other, </b>through your wronging one another; and in the earth a dwelling, a place of settlement, shall be yours, and enjoyment, of whatever of its vegetation you may enjoy, for a while’, [until] the time your terms [of life] are concluded.”
(Tafsir al-Jalalayn, Q. 2:36; bold emphasis mine)

These Islamic commentaries and Hadith seem to understand the Islamic sources as including the offspring of Adam and Eve and spreading to all humankind.

Credit to Sam Shamoun for pointing these things out to me and I studied his article here and I got the quotes from the Islamic commentators from him, and then adapted the information to my article.    (At Keith Thompson’s blog) I used the quote from Yusuf Ali from my own copy of the Qur’an, rather than the website that Sam linked to.

Here are a lot more quotes from Islamic sources on this issue in Sam’s Part 2 of this issue. 

Posted in Islam, Muslims, Original sin, Sin in Islam | 2 Comments

Bart Ehrman admits that the Gospel writers thought Jesus was God

Dr. White reviews the debate between Bart Ehrman and Justin Bass, on his Dividing Line program of Nov. 5, 2015.  (see embed at bottom)

That debate can be found here, “Did the Historical Jesus claim to be divine?”

Ehrman admitted:  “Yes, Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John, in different ways, thought that Jesus was God”.  (a little after the 18:50 mark of the Dividing Line program below.)

Our Muslim friends, did you hear that?

Also, Ehrman says that John 8:58 and John 10:30 are clear references to the Deity of Christ.

Jesus said, “Before Abraham was born, I am” (John 8:58)

The Jews therefore picked up stones to stone Him . . .  John 8:59

“I and the Father, we are one.”  (John 10:30)

The Jews took up stones again to stone Him. (John 10:31)

Dr. White shows how the context of John 10:27-29 – “My Sheep hear My voice . . .” shows the unity of the Father and the Son to be Savior – just as Yahweh says “I am the only God; I am the only Savior” in the OT.  (especially Isaiah 40-66).

Dr. White made a great point to Muslims, that they keep trying to use John 14 and 16 to claim that Muhammad is prophesied about in the Gospel, but that not only does not make any logical sense, since the “comforter”/”counselor”/helper/ paraclete is the Holy Spirit “who will be in you” (John 14:16-17); and it is inconsistent to try and use one part of the Gospel of John in that way, and reject the rest of it.

Ehrman also agrees that John 14:9 and 17:5 teach the Deity of Christ:

“If you have seen Me, you have seen the Father.”  John 14:9

“Father, Glorify Me with the glory that I had with You before the world was created.”  John 17:5

Posted in Apologetics, Historical reliability of the Bible, Bart Ehrman, Historical Jesus | 9 Comments

The Reformation, Martin Luther, the 95 Theses, and the Trial at Worms

Nothing like the scholarly articles of James Swan, . . . but . . .
A Montage of scenes from the 2003 Movie, Luther, starring Joseph Fiennes as Martin Luther.  The Montage begins with the 95 theses in 1517, and goes to the famous speech at the trial of the Diet of Worms in 1521, and ends with text about Luther’s life after the Augsburg Confession of 1530.

“Luther’s Reformation Breakthrough” – lecture by Dr. Ryan Reeves of Gordon-Conwell Seminary.
Professor Reeves calls it a “compression of years” as Luther looks back to recall and recounts the process of working through the “pinching”, struggle/anxiety/depression/fear/anger/guilt in his soul (The “Anfechtungen”) , to the “tower experience” and prayerful study of the books of Romans and Galatians.

The Importance of the Reformation:

Analysis of the 95 theses.  It was very interesting to me that he had already written earlier (just one month earlier in Sept. of 1517) another document of 97 theses on theological issues (“The Disputation Against Scholasticism”).  I didn’t know that before.

Dr. Ryan Reeves has a lot of lectures on church history and historical theology, including early church, Medieval, Reformation, and Modern church history.   (at his YouTube channel)

Posted in church history, Martin Luther, Reformation | Leave a comment

Why does God allow evil and suffering? John MacArthur

Originally posted on Apologetics and Agape:


I would encourage everyone who sees this to listen carefully and stop and look up all the verses that he cites in the Bible.  Work through this slowly.  I provide a lot of the outline below and intersperse my own comments also.

John MacArthur does an excellent job of showing how inadequate man made answers to the problem of the existence of suffering and evil in the world.   Larry King, the CNN interviewer for many years; told MacArthur that is the reason why he cannot believe in God, because of all the obvious evil and suffering that exists in the world, in history; therefore if God exists, then He allowed it; and Larry King cannot handle that.  That seems to be the root of all atheism and agnosticism – but it is at root an anger at God for allowing evil and suffering and pain.   MacArthur shows…

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Posted in Apologetics, Suffering and God's Sovereignty, Theology of God | 12 Comments