The Resurrection of Jesus Christ Debate

James White and James Renihan defend the bodily resurrection of Jesus Christ in history against two very famous liberal theologians, Marcus Borg and John Dominic Crossan.

1 Corinthians 15:1

Now I make known to you, brethren, the gospel which I preached to you, which also you received, in which also you stand

γνωρίζω δὲ ὑμῖν ἀδελφοί τὸ εὐαγγέλιον ὃ εὐηγγελισάμην ὑμῖν ὃ καὶ παρελάβετε ἐν ᾧ καὶ ἑστήκατε

1 Corinthians 15:2

by which also you are saved, if you hold fast the word which I preached to you, unless you believed in vain.

δι’ οὗ καὶ σῴζεσθε τίνι λόγῳ εὐηγγελισάμην ὑμῖν εἰ κατέχετε ἐκτὸς εἰ μὴ εἰκῇ ἐπιστεύσατε

1 Corinthians 15:3 –

For I delivered to you as of first importance what I also received, that Christ died for our sins according to the Scriptures,

παρέδωκα γὰρ ὑμῖν ἐν πρώτοις ὃ καὶ παρέλαβον ὅτι Χριστὸς ἀπέθανεν ὑπὲρ τῶν ἁμαρτιῶν ἡμῶν κατὰ τὰς γραφάς

1 Corinthians 15:4

and that He was buried, and that He was raised on the third day according to the Scriptures,

καὶ ὅτι ἐτάφη καὶ ὅτι ἐγήγερται τῇ ἡμέρᾳ τῇ τρίτῃ κατὰ τὰς γραφάς

1 Corinthians 15:5

and that He appeared to Cephas, then to the Twelve

καὶ ὅτι ὤφθη Κηφᾷ εἶτα τοῖς δώδεκα

1 Corinthians 15:6

After that He appeared to more than five hundred brethren at one time, most of whom remain until now, but some have fallen asleep;

ἔπειτα ὤφθη ἐπάνω πεντακοσίοις ἀδελφοῖς ἐφάπαξ ἐξ ὧν οἱ πλείονες μένουσιν ἕως ἄρτι τινὲς δὲ ἐκοιμήθησαν

1 Corinthians 15:7

then He appeared to James, and then to all the apostles

ἔπειτα ὤφθη Ἰακώβῳ εἶτα τοῖς ἀποστόλοις πᾶσιν

1 Corinthians 15:8

and last of all, as to one untimely born, He appeared to me also.

δὲ πάντων ὡσπερεὶ τῷ ἐκτρώματι ὤφθη κἀμοί

1 Corinthians 15:9

For I am the least of the apostles, and not fit to be called an apostle, because I persecuted the church of God.

ἐγὼ γάρ εἰμι ὁ ἐλάχιστος τῶν ἀποστόλων ὃς οὐκ εἰμὶ ἱκανὸς καλεῖσθαι ἀπόστολος διότι ἐδίωξα τὴν ἐκκλησίαν τοῦ θεοῦ

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About Ken Temple

I am a follower of Jesus Christ. I am a sinner who has been saved by the grace of God alone (Ephesians 2:8-9), through faith alone (Galatians 2:16; Romans 3:28; 4:1-16), in Christ alone (John 14:6). But a true faith does not stay alone, it should result in change, fruit, good works, and deeper levels of repentance and hatred of my own sins of selfishness and pride. I am not better than you! I still make mistakes and sin, but the Lord is working on me, conforming me to His character. (Romans 8:28-29; 2 Corinthians 3:16-18) When I do sin, I hate the sin as it is an affront to God, and seek His forgiveness in repentance. (Mark 1:15; 2 Corinthians 7:7-10; Colossians 3:5-16 ) Praise God for His love for sinners (Romans 5:8), shown by the voluntary coming of Christ and His freely laying down His life for us (John 10:18), becoming flesh/human (John 1:1-5; 1:14; Philippians 2:5-8), dying for sins of people from all nations, tribes, and cultures (Revelation 5:9), on the cross, in history, rising from the dead (Romans 10:9-10; Matthew 28, Mark 16:1-8; Luke 24; John 20-21; 1 Corinthians chapter 15). His resurrection from the dead proved that Jesus is the Messiah, the eternal Son of God, the word of God from eternity past; and that He was all the gospels say He was and that He is truth and the life and the way to salvation. (John 14:6)
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2 Responses to The Resurrection of Jesus Christ Debate

  1. θ says:

    Having a selective appearance to certain Christians is a proof that it is just a work of bewitchment:
    (i) Apparition of Jesus doesn’t ever visit his own mother Mary.
    (ii) There’s a simple proof of bewitchment, that is on Paul’s case: Firstly, On the road of Damascus Paul can’t yet see the apparition, he just heard a voice, but weirdly only Paul himself heard it, hence it means he is not bewitched with a much stronger power. Secondly, when Paul was present altogether with the early Christians Paul claims he finally sees a Jesus’ apparition. Therefore, it means the bewitchment worked strong only whenever many Christians were present altogether.

    There’s a similarity between Qur’an and the Gospels concerning the vague identity of the Son of Man whom Jesus referred to. There’s possibility that that Son of Man is not Jesus.

    (i) Disciples didn’t understand what Jesus said concerning the Son of Man, and they are so afraid to ask Jesus of that person’s identity.
    Now the question is, why do they fear to ask him?
    Mk 9
    31 For he taught his disciples, and said unto them, The Son of man is delivered into the hands of men, and they shall kill him; and after that he is killed, he shall rise the third day. 32 But they understood not that saying, and were afraid to ask him.

    (ii) Jews don’t understand what Jesus said concerning the Son of Man, they do ask Jesus concerning that Son of Man, but Jesus didn’t answer them.
    Now the question is, why does Jesus not answer their question when they ask him so?
    Jn 12:34
    The people answered him, We have heard out of the law that Christ abideth for ever: and how sayest thou, The Son of man must be lifted up? who is this Son of man?

    In John 12:34 Jesus just stands silent when Jews referred to their Law that their Christ shall abide forever. By his silence Jesus infers his approval that he (as that Christ) didn’t die on the cross.

    (iii) In another contrary parable, Jesus conceals the man’s identity and doesn’t indicate the death of Son of Man at all, but rather that person is a man who just travels alive somewhere. It means the Son of Man is not dead, nor gets resurrected, hence not the crucified Christ.
    Mk 13:34
    For the Son of man is as a man taking a far journey, who left his house, and gave authority to his servants, and to every man his work, and commanded the porter to watch.

    Certainly Jesus doesn’t think the identity of Son of man is necessary or important theologically for his Disciples and Jews. Only the Christians insist otherwise that that Son of Man is Jesus.

  2. θ says:

    In Islam, Jesus was alive in heaven, but passive or at least unconscious (Tawaffa).

    Stories related to the resurrection of Jesus after his ascension are nothing but a cheap bewitchment:
    (i) Saul: If Jesus were indeed resurrected and conscious, why did he stop to speak directly to the unbelievers from the sky after Saul of Tarsus?
    (ii) John: Why does John not recognise Jesus when John in spirit is seeing him in the form of “Son of man” as mentioned by the book of Revelation? Even weirdly that figure doesn’t call himself “Jesus.”
    (iii) Stephen: If Jesus were empathetic and loving person, why did he just watch Stephen without showing any normal expression when Jews stoned him to death? Is he hating or loving his follower?
    (iv) Peter: Why does Jesus not have the power to force Peter to eat certain uncommon heavenly animals which he descended for Peter?
    (v) Consistency: If Jesus were conscious, why did he not speak as well to some bad Jewish persecutors who accompanied Saul?
    (vi) Loss of ability: Jesus is unable to prove his resurrection consistently from generation to generation to the bad Jews and the good Gentiles.
    (vii) Loss of healing power: Jesus is unable to regain again his healing power so that Paul’s eye sickness remains incurable.

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