John Bugay over at Triablogue, has an excellent summary here of the Papacy issues.
Because of space, and the purpose to keep to a one page sheet evangelistic tract, it may be hard to include these other issues:
I would add: (this is not a criticism of John’s article, just some other points that came to mind after I read through his summary.) Be sure to read the first 13 first, then theses:
14. that Peter himself calls himself “fellow-elder” in 1 Peter 5:1. no heirachy of mono-episcopate or papacy idea.
15. Also, if Peter had a successor, a bishop of Rome as infallible successor, he would have said, “listen to him, who will be able to remind you of these things (spiritual truths)” or “he is the living voice, who will be able to stir up your sincere minds”, etc. in 2 Peter 1:12-18; but instead, Peter points them to his letter/scripture – 3:1 – this is the second letter by which I am writing to you in order to stir up your sincere minds” – same idea in 2 Peter 1:12-18 – knowing that he is about to die, he is diligent to put forth effort to stir up their sincere minds – (diligent by writing the letter from prison before his death.)
16. I would distinquish between the RC idea of infallible succession of person and office (bishop/ mono-episcopate) to Peter vs. the biblical idea of appointing qualified elders – as in Acts 14:23 and Titus 1:5 and 1 Timothy 3. ( maybe need more details on # 5 – the quote by Oscar Cullman about the principle of succession. Does Cullman explain the difference between the Roman Catholic claim of infallible apostolic succession in the successors of Peter and other church bishops vs. the Biblical idea of appointing qualified elders in each local church? – Acts 14:23Open in Logos Bible Software (if available) and Titus 1:5Open in Logos Bible Software (if available); I Timothy 3:1 ffOpen in Logos Bible Software (if available), ?)
17. Some kind of an explanation of “papa” (father) and acknowledge 1 Cor. 4:15-17 and 1 Timothy 1:2 as something that existed – calling someone a spiritual father – one who led a person to Christ and /or taught them the gospel and discipled them in the Scriptures as a young Christian, etc. And that existed in the early church in all the churches as all ministers/elders/ later development into “priest” were considered and called “papa”/father (spiritual father), so bishops and elders of other areas were called “papa”, such as Cyprian in Carthage and Athanasius in Alexandria – even today, the leader of the Coptic Church in Egypt is called “Pope”. The point is, “Pope” was never an exclusive term only for the bishop of Rome, but was used for all ministers in all churches. (until centuries later)